Truck Invoice Factoring 101: How It Works And Why It Matters

If you own or manage a trucking company, you likely know how challenging cash flow management can be. Waiting 30, 60, or 90 days for customers to pay their invoices can put a huge strain on your business

If you own or manage a trucking company, you likely know how challenging cash flow management can be. Waiting 30, 60, or 90 days for customers to pay their invoices can put a huge strain on your business. Truck invoice factoring provides a solution to get quick cash by selling your accounts receivable to a truck factoring company.

This article will explain what truck factoring is, how it works, its benefits, and potential drawbacks. Understanding the truck factoring process can help you determine if it’s the right financing option for your trucking business. Read on!

What is Truck Invoice Factoring?

Truck factoring allows trucking companies to sell their accounts receivable or invoices to a factoring company to receive immediate cash. The truck factoring company purchases the invoices at a discount, typically between 1-5% of the total invoice amount. This provides trucking companies with immediate access to cash to cover business expenses like payroll, fuel, repairs, and more. The truck factoring company then collects payment directly from the trucking company’s customers when the invoices are due.

How Truck Factoring Works

The truck factoring process involves four key steps:

  1. Application and Approval

First, a trucking company applies with a factoring company and goes through an approval process. The factoring company reviews the trucking company’s invoices, customers, credit history, and other financial information to assess risk and determine if they will purchase the invoices.

  1. Choose Invoices to Sell

Once approved, the trucking company can choose which outstanding invoices they want to sell to the factoring company. They simply send copies of these invoices to the factor.

  1. Receive Immediate Payment

After the factor receives the invoice copies, they immediately pay out around 97% of the invoice amount to the trucking company. This provides quick cash flow to cover operating expenses.

  1. Factor Collects from Customers

When the invoices are due, the factoring company collects payment directly from the trucking company’s customers. After deducting their fees, they remit the balance amount back to the trucking company.

Benefits of Truck Factoring

There are several important benefits that make truck factoring an appealing financing option:

  • Immediate cash flow – The biggest benefit is getting quick cash for invoices instead of waiting 30 days or longer. This improves cash flow significantly.
  • No debt – Factoring is not a loan, so trucking companies don’t take on debt that must be repaid with interest. The factor takes on the risk of collection.
  • Flexible – Trucking companies can choose to sell only certain invoices and get selective about when they need immediate cash.
  • Can advance business growth – The influx of cash flow enables reinvestment and growth opportunities.
  • Offload AR duties – The factor takes over-invoicing, collections, and account receivable management.

Potential Drawbacks to Consider

While truck factoring has many advantages, there are also a few potential drawbacks to consider:

  • Discount fees – The discount that factors take (1-5%) eats into profits. But for many, the immediate cash flow outweighs this.
  • Customer perception – Some customers don’t view factoring favourably, so it’s sometimes kept confidential.
  • Locked into a contract – Factoring agreements can be long-term, so companies have less flexibility.
  • Responsibility for disputes – Trucking companies are still responsible if disputes arise with their customers over invoices.

For many trucking companies, the huge benefits of improved cash flow and access to growth capital make truck factoring well worth considering. But carefully review agreements and weigh the pros and cons for your specific situation.

Choosing the Right Trucking Factoring Company

Not all factoring companies are created equal, so it’s important to do due diligence when choosing one. Here are some tips for selecting the best company:

  • Review online reputation and complaints.
  • Ask about rates, fees, and discount percentages.
  • Understand their approval and funding processes.
  • Inquire about their collections process success.
  • Look for a member of the International Factoring Association.

Take time to research and compare a few potential companies before deciding on the best fit. Having a trusted factoring partner can provide long-term benefits for your trucking business.


For trucking companies waiting 30 days or longer for invoice payments, cash flow can be a constant struggle. Truck invoice factoring provides immediate access to a huge value of invoices, which can be a real game changer. While factoring does come with some costs and drawbacks, it enables fast growth capital for many trucking businesses. Taking the time to understand how truck factoring works, its benefits, and its challenges can help trucking owners decide if it’s right for them. Partnering with a reputable truck factoring company can provide the working capital needed to ultimately help drive growth and success.